Dwarfism

Dennis Gosnell, Assignment Editor

 Rebekah Fisher, health sciences major, presented a lecture on Dwarfism in the Lecture Hall.  Fisher said that there are 200 plus types of Dwarfism that falls into two categories.

 One category is that of the disproportionate.  People that fall into this category, generally have an average sized human torso and enlarged head with prominent forehead, while the arms and legs are shorter due to genetic mutation.

Achondroplasia is a genetic disorder of the bones and cartilage that is believed to occur because of a mutation in the FGFR3 genome.

“The FGFR3 gene provides instructions for making a protein that is involved in the development and maintenance of bone and brain tissue. Two specific mutations in the FGFR3 gene are responsible for almost all cases of Achondroplasia. Researchers believe that these mutations cause the protein to be overly active, which interferes with skeletal development and leads to the disturbances in bone growth seen with this disorder.” – Genetic Home Reference; Achondroplasia, Nov. 14, 2011

“Eighty percent of Achon’s are born in a family of normal sized humans,” Fisher said.

Fisher’s original reason for making this presentation was for a class project in which students were asked to find and report about something they found interesting.

She said she was watching “Little People Big World” and “The Little Couple”, and thought it was interesting.

“Little People Big World” follows a family of both little people and normal sized people. Matt and Amy Roloff were born small.  They have four children, Jeremy and Zach who are twins (Jeremy is normal sized while Zach is little), Molly (normal sized), and Jacob (small).

Fisher talked about how fraternal twins come from separate eggs and sperm.  This enabled Jeremy to be normal sized, and Zach to be small, because they did not share the same genetic mutation.

The genetic mutation that causes Achondroplasia is random.  Normal sized parents can have children that have Achondroplasia, while parents with Achondroplasia can have children that are of a normal size.  Achondroplasia, according to http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/achondroplasia, is inherited through an autosomal dominant pattern.  Meaning that one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder.

The other category of dwarfism is that of the proportionate dwarf.  The body of a person is proportionate all around.  Perhaps the most famous and elusive form of this category of dwarfism is Primordial Dwarfism.

“There are only 100 people in the world that have this form of dwarfism,” Fisher said.

Doctors, because of the rarity of this disorder, are finding difficulty in devising the cause or genetic mutation that has occurred.  Thus, making it difficult to provide advisements as to how to prevent the occurrence of Primordial Dwarfism.

Primordial Dwarfism is a category of disorders with many subtypes. The exact definition can vary from one type to another, but all are defined primarily by extreme short stature at birth. Unlike many other forms of Dwarfism, Primordial Dwarfism differs in that all of the bones and organs of the body are proportionally smaller than in an average person.” – http://www.Primordialdwarfism.com

People with Primordial Dwarfism are as short or shorter than 4 ft. 10 in. tall.  Their bones are thin, and their joints are easily dislocated.  There are as many as six different symptoms and diagnoses that can be seen in Primordial Dwarfism, which can cause a misdiagnosis.  People with this genetic disorder have a relatively short life span and have many other difficulties during their lives.

Why is it important to know about what makes people who they are?  Someone somewhere once said, “understanding begets empathy.”  Knowing why someone is a certain way paves the way to push past differences that separate humanity from one another.

Enjoy a short stack for a tall cause

Saturday, December the 3rd the Rose State College’s Study Abroad Club will be holding a flapjack fundraiser Breakfast. the breakfast will be hosted by Applebee’s Neighborhood Grill and Bar, located at 608 Air Depot Blvd. Midwest City Oklahoma 73110. The cost will be $7.00 per person. Bring your family and friends to help raise funds for these students.

By 15th Street News Posted in Briefs, Raider Life Tagged applebee's, flapjack, pancake, study abroad

Bee’s Knees auction succeeds

By: Narges Taghavi, Feature Editor

The Bee’s Knees is a program set up by Youth and Family Services and is a nonprofit organization that helps young adults with special needs to gain entrepreneurial experiences and business skills.

The program visited Rose State College, and with the assistance of the Frances White Hughes Scholars, on Oct. 27 held an art show featuring three original works from the Bee’s Knees. A variety of prints sold for $5, and donations were appreciated.

The original Bee’s Knees works presented were:

  • “All Friends and Love” by Ashley Parker and Allie Jelinek: This painting contains vibrant and calming waves of color.
  • “SpongeBob, Pikachu, Some Angels, and Fish” by Chris Hicks: This painting is very fun and whimsical.
  • Electrical Disaster by Dave Blose: The watery blues contrast the red electrical fire to great effect.

The Hughes’ Scholars raised a total of $135 through the auction. The money will be put towards growing the Bee’s Knees program, purchasing new materials, and funding community activities.

Commitment to cut carcinogens is everyone’s resposibility

When we became a tobacco-free campus in August, it was understood that change would be required. Having observed the policy in action, the perceived enforcement inaction was initially troubled.

While all ashtrays have been removed from the campus, some trashcans still have mini ashtrays in their tops. People can still be seen smoking near the trashcans outside the Communications Center, in plain sight of the “breathe easy” sign. Seeing people smoking in the campus parking lots has also become commonplace.

Change we can all believe in

This was disheartening; because when your campus advertises itself as “tobacco-free,” certain standards are expected. How is this policy being enforced?

Some thought that the only ones required to make changes would be campus security and those who smoked. One group catches offenders, and the other group complies with the tobacco-free policy.

What we need to understand is that the tobacco-free policy requires not just security and smokers to make changes, but all of us.

Smoking cessation stories

Chris Leland, Wellness Center director, shared an experience that he observed on campus since the tobacco ban. He saw a young man smoking on the campus mall. Before he could say anything, Leland stayed back and watched as a group of young women approached the smoker. They asked him if he knew that Rose State was a tobacco-free campus. They then told him to put out his cigarette. “I was so proud,” Leland said.

We’ve been an alcohol-free campus for so long, that no one thinks it’s acceptable to tap a keg in the campus mall. It’ll be the same with the tobacco-free policy. Everyone just needs time to adjust.

It’s everyone’s responsibility

It’s selfish for non-smokers to think they had no responsibilities regarding the tobacco-free policy. Everyone needs to do their part to honor our campus’ commitment to cutting carcinogens.

Don’t be belligerent, but if you do see someone smoking on campus, remind him or her of the tobacco-free policy.

For three consecutive years the Student Senate petitioned for our campus to become tobacco-free. Now that we are, it’s each of our responsibilities to ensure that we, as a school, are honoring our commitment.

Spring Triathlon

By: Raynor Littleton, Contributing Writer

The 2012 spring semester will start with the first-ever indoor campus triathlon. Participants will have the entire semester to complete it.

“The run is 26.2 miles, the distance of a full marathon, which can be done on the equipment in the Wellness Center. The swim is 2.4 miles, which equals 77 1/2 laps in our pool, down and back. The biking distance is 112 miles, which can also be done on the equipment in the Wellness Center,” Chris Leland, Wellness Center director, said.

Instead of wholly completing each portion, this triathlon allows participants to complete the requirements incrementally. Wellness Center or Aquatic Center staff members will document all distances. The first five people to complete the triathlon will be placed in a drawing for an iPad2. Gift cards will be awarded to the remainder of the top five.

The triathlon will begin Jan. 23, the first day of classes for the spring semester. Anyone with a Wellness Center membership is eligible to participate, and can sign up for the event at the Wellness Center.

LP- Campus Wellness Symposium cautions on “the Wasted Years”

By: Logan Pierce, editor-in-chief
On Veterans Day, the Moore Norman Technology Center hosted the second annual Campus Wellness Symposium. Last year, the event focused on campuses becoming tobacco-free. Rose State College is one of 18 Oklahoma college campuses that have enacted a tobacco free policy. OU expects to be tobacco-free by Jan. 1, 2012.

Waste not, want not

This year’s keynote dealt with college student binge drinking. Dr. John Clapp, director of the Higher Education Center, delivered the presentation. “The ‘wasted’ years applies to the heavy drinking which occurs among college students,” Clapp said, “Excessive drinking is viewed, by some, as a right of passage.”

While acknowledging that most of the statistics presented mainly applies to four-year colleges with campus housing, Clapp said that the information is beneficial for any student; especially those who want to further their education at a four-year college.

Soused statistics

At the second annual Campus Wellness Symposium, Dr. John Clapp offers advice for parents when talking to their children about the dangers of college binge drinking. Photo by Logan Pierce

Binge drinking affects not only those who participate, but everyone on campus. Of college students who don’t binge drink:
60 percent suffered serious sleep interruptions.
19.5 percent were subject to unwanted advances on campus.
15 percent reported property damages.
8.7 percent were victims of assaults.

“Individuals are six times more likely to be dependent on alcohol if they start drinking before they’re 15-years-old,” Clapp said, “A sobering thought when you realize that the Oklahoma state average for those who first taste alcohol is 12-years-old.”

College drinking dates back to the 1300s, where at Oxford the St. Scholastica Day riots occurred. The riots lasted six days and were sparked by a dispute regarding the cost of alcohol sold to college students.

Gender and tonic

Fast forward to 1953. Selden Bacon and Robert Straus surveyed the frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption of college students. Their results indicated that 24 percent of men and 71 percent of women engaged in “infrequent and light” drinking, while “frequent and heavy” drinking occurred with 43 percent of men and zero percent of women.
“Recent studies on college campuses show cases where women drink men under the table,” Clapp said, “The drinking gender gap has closed.”

Clapp said that for too long, alcohol addiction was viewed as a strictly personal problem. We now know that environment plays a role. “Strategic ecological approaches that focus on the individuals and the environment are most likely to sustain change,” Clapp said.

By 15th Street News Posted in News, Raider Life Tagged alcohol addiction, binge drinking, Campus Wellness Symposium, Dr. John Clapp, gender gap, Higher Education Center, Moore Norman Technology Center, Oxford, Robert Straus, Selden Bacon, St. Scholastica

A look back at the Twilight Saga

Chelsea Ratterman, Assistant Editor

With the beginning of the end looming for the “Twilight Saga,” fans are reliving the phenomenon that swept the world in 2006. In the middle of the “Potter” craze that lasted a decade came “Twilight” and it’s sequels “New Moon,” “Eclipse,” and then the highly anticipated conclusion “Breaking Dawn.”

The last book was released a month before the first movie, and was a stunning conclusion to the love story between a mortal and a vampire. While vampires are nothing new to popular culture, Twilight’s golden-eyed “vegetarian vampires” became an instant obsession for teens and adults alike.

The series was written by Stephenie Meyer, whose story of the pair was the result of a dream she had. The books were first optioned by MTV, and when negotiations with them collapsed, Summit Entertainment, a fairly new production company, stepped up to make the film.

Catherine Hardwick directed the first film and the movie opened to the biggest release for a female director, a $400 million haul. The movie stars of the movie, Robert Pattinson as Edward Cullen, Kristen Stewart as Bella Swan and Taylor Lautner as Jacob Black, were brought into the international limelight.

The first movie established the love story, and the feel of danger the couple is ultimately in throughout the series; resulting from Edwards’s bloodlust and outside forces working against them.

We are introduced to Laurent, James and Victoria, who became one of the main antagonists for the next two movies. James’ death at the hands of the Cullen’s for hunting Bella leads to Victoria’s later attacks on the coven.

In “New Moon” the Quileute tribe is brought into the movie in full, for their role in the supernatural world. They are shape shifters who turn into wolves to protect their tribe from “the cold ones;” the vampires of their tribes’ stories.

When Edward departs from Forks because of a near fatal accident, he leaves Bella unprotected, and the pack steps up, which begins a full love triangle between Bella, Edward and Jacob.

The Volturi, the ruling vampires, are introduced as well in “New Moon” when Bella must save Edward from committing an action that could lead to both his, and her, death. From this point on, the Volturi become the main protagonists of the series.

“Eclipse” is the third in the series and is the conclusion of the Victoria storyline. The Cullen’s have returned and Victoria is now a prominent threat, having created an army to attack the clan of vampires. She is seeking revenge for the death of her mate James, and her target is Bella, with a sort of twist on Hammurabi’s Law of an eye for an eye, she believes it to be a mate for a mate. When the coven and the pack join forces, they successfully eliminate the army, and Victoria falls at the hands of Edward.

The Volturi once again show up, moments after the battle is over, which leads to suspicions of the Volturi’s motives. A promise was made at the end of “new Moon” that Bella would become a vampire. They are checking to see if this promise has been fulfilled, under orders of Caius, one of the three brothers. The movie ends with a marriage proposal, to which Bella answers yes.

“Breaking Dawn,” which has been split into two movies, picks up days before the wedding of the two. The events of this book brings the ire of the Volturi down on the coven more than ever, and causes a split of the pack. Just a spoiler: everyone gets their happy ending, except the Volturi.

All opening weekends have broken box office records, and this opening is not to be any different. With tickets going on sale October 1, theatres are reporting that nearly 75% of their ticket sales for the past month have been “Breaking Dawn” tickets. The camp outs for the midnight show will begin early Thursday afternoon, and the beginning of the end will hopefully satisfy the craze, at least until next year.

By 15th Street News Posted in Entertainment Tagged baby, breaking dawn part 1, breaking dawn part 2, Catherine hardwick, eclipse, Kristen stewart, new moon, Robert Pattinson, shifter, Stephenie meyer, taylor Lautner, , vampire, vegetarian, Volturi, wedding, werewolf

Newsbriefs 11/18/2011

Dennis Gosnell, Assignment Editor

Holiday lighting ceremony
5:15 p.m. – 8 p.m. Dec. 1, RSC Logo Tower
Come join us as we open the Christmas season with our Holiday Lighting Ceremony. Santa will be here; there will be a horse carriage ride, hot chocolate, s’mores, and music. Be sure to have your little ones bring their letter to Santa and a camera to capture their smiles while the visit with Santa.

Adopted School Party
10 p.m. – 12 p.m. Nov. 10, main dining hall
Adopted School Party benefiting Telstar and Willowbrook elementary schools. Volunteers welcome, sign up in Student Activities. This is an event where our adopted school 1st graders come to campus for a party, visit with Santa and holiday celebration.

Music Man
Showing: 7:30 p.m. Dec. 2 – Dec. 3
Matinee: 2 p.m. Dec. 4
Dinner Theatre: 6 p.m. Dec. 2 – Dec. 3, doors open at 5:45 p.m., $23 per person
For dinner theatre reservations call the Special Events Office at 736-0313. For regular showing and matinee showing please call 297-2264 for ticket information.

A Fine Romance
7 p.m. Dec. 1 Atkinson Theatre
Jewish Songwriters, American Songs, 1910 – 1965
A sharing of the songs and arts from the Jewish community that people have saved and preserved throughout the century.

The Fantastic Four Piano Ladies
2 p.m. Dec. 4, Atkinson Theatre
Perform Gershwin, Berlin, and other Jewish songwriters
Performance by The Fantastic Four Piano Ladies will share their talent and music that has been handed down to them.

By 15th Street News Posted in Briefs

Immortals makes heads roll

Chelsea Ratterman, Assistant Editor

With the likes of “300” and “ Clash of the Titans” still a blockbuster memory, the newest Greek epic to grace the big screen is “Immortals.”

Loosely based on the myth of Theseus, it follows him as he confronts the evil King Hyperion in his goal for world domination. Theseus is the hero of the myth concerning the Minotaur in King Minos’ maze. This event plays an extremely minor part in the movie.

Theseus is born the illegitimate child of a holy woman in Crete, and is taught the way of battle by an old man in the village. When his village is attacked, Theseus must raise up to stand for his people and what he believes in.

Chosen by the gods to lead his people, the final showdown between Theseus and Hyperion, and the Olympians and the Titans combine as a battle to end all battles.

Fans of Greek mythology be wary of this film. The Titans are not the Titans in the classical sense, and the entire story uses elements from Greek mythology and puts them in a massive battle for the earth.

The film is reminiscent of “300”, with spraying blood effects and slow motion similar to the effects used in the “Sherlock Holmes” fight scenes.

The movie focuses more on picture than plot, with characters appearing and disappearing and little to no explanation of some events. While the entire movie was made for the eye rather than the mind, the most stunning scenes were the ones on Mt. Olympus where the colors were bright and striking.

“Immortals” is directed by Tarsem Singh, who also directed the visually-stunning “The Fall.” Singh is also directing the 2012 film, “Mirror, Mirror;” one of the two Snow White adaptations coming to theaters in 2012.

“Immortals” stars the newest Man of Steel, Henry Cavill, as Theseus, as well as Isabel Lucas, Luke Evans, Kellan Lutz and Mickey Rourke as King Hyperion.

The film scored a 38 percent on Rottentomatoes.com and Roger Ebert calls it “without a doubt the best looking awful movie you will ever see.”