Prominence of masculinity in medieval times

Dennis Gosnell

Assignment Editor

In the eyes of society, romancing something that is awful and gruesome can create social acceptance and create a trend.

This was the topic of the first Great Lecture Series for the Fall/Spring 2012 – 2013 school year. This years lecture series topic is “Culture of Competition.”

Professor of English and Honors Program Coordinator, Kevin Caliendo is the first lecturer with “Masculinity on Display: The Knight’s Tale as Public Spectacle.”

Caliendo’s hour-long summation and analysis on “The Knight’s Tale” by Geoffrey Chaucer examined the relationship between literature and social trends and actions.

The main points of the lecture distinguished the import of the romanticization of the knight in medieval times and the structures of social status in which different persons of the time interacted. In modern times movies like “Rocky,” “Rambo,” “Saving Private Ryan,” “Cinderella,” and many others exhibit the same type of romanticized view of warrior persona deemed to be perfect by society and is the same type of picture writers in the medieval times would use to depict what it meant to be a warrior or other status reflection.

Everyone has heard the saying “knight in shining armor.” According to Caliendo, this is when the idea of the “knight in shining armor” became prominent and romanticized.

“Before Arthurian times, people, if they had the money, would go buy armor and weapons, and call themselves knights. It was only when literature painted the knight as a being of honor, ethics, and captivating social grace did society become infatuated with the idea of a knight,” Caliendo said.

In many ways, literature captured the imaginations of the people so thoroughly that society modeled their culture after the literature trying to recreate the ideals of perfection in order to be perfect beings.

To characterize the importance of the influence of literature, Caliendo used Geoffrey Chaucer’s “The Knights Tale” as means to show just how much influence the social ideals of knights were influenced.

A short summation of the story is:

Two men fall madly in love with a woman at first glance and must have her no matter the cost. Both men are knights, throughout the story neither tells the woman that they are after affections and heart. In doing so fail to live up to the standard of being a knight. So impassioned to have the woman that both men lose all sense of social obligation and attempt to determine amongst themselves, only who is most worthy to wed the woman. However, the king, his wife, and the woman who they are both fighting for ride through the woods and find the two men fighting.

So enraged is the king at the broach of protocol, that he wants the two men killed straightway.  The women however, object and convince the king to make the men fight like proper gentlemen and knights. The two knights must have their fight in a public setting so that the nobles, fellow knights, and peasants of the country can all view the fight.

This is the premise of the lecture. A knight must act in accordance with the rules set down by society so that they may be viewed as worthy of their honor and masculinity. The public display of it all helped in numerous ways. First it enabled the king to keep people from committing acts of murder. Two it helped promote a sense of pride and community with the country. Third it also helped to create economic growth within the country, as those in attendance of such tournaments would naturally spend money at the various vendors. And lastly, it gave the knights a reason to constantly work towards improving and refining their skills as warriors.

In modern times, books and movies often use and romanticize the small man making it big theme in an attempt to inspire people with the hope that perhaps life isn’t that bad and that they can really make it in life if they just work hard enough.  “The Pursuit of Happyness,” a 2006 film featuring Will Smith looked at the beginnings of a man’s rise to the top and his unwavering conviction to work harder and smarter than everyone else.

Whether it is Arthurian literature or modern films, one thing still remains true.  Cultures are always in constant competition. By finding ways in which to hold peaceful and challenging competitions, the different cultures have a way to show off their pride and skills.



By 15th Street News Posted in News Tagged "Culture of Competition", caliendo, Geoffrey Chaucer, Great Lecture Series, Knight, knight in shining armor, Medieval, public spectacle, Romanticize, The Knight's Tale
Rose State Higher One Debit/ MasterCard smoothes refunds for colleges and students.
Photo By Michele Penix

College debit cards risk for students

Dennis Gosnell

Assistant Editor

Rose State Higher One Debit/ MasterCard smoothes refunds for colleges and students.
Photo By Michele Penix


In recent years banks have partnered with colleges to provide students with debit cards. These debit cards allow colleges to ensure easy and smooth transactions with students. However, students might find that the transaction fees are little more than they would choose to pay.

On Sept. 18, U.S. Public Interest Research Group, PIRG for short, held a national student news teleconference to share its findings from a report that examined whether students got a fair deal when banks partnered with colleges to give students debit cards.

Three presenters’ Rich Williams, Higher Education Advocate with U.S. PIRG, Anne Johnson, Director of Campus Progress, and Rohit Chopra, Private Student Loan Ombudsman with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau gave reporters a breakdown of the sort of problems found when colleges partnered with banks.

“Nine-million students are potentially at risk for increased educational debt due to bank-affiliated campus debit cards that come with high fees, insufficient consumer protection and few options,” Williams said.

According to PIRG there are 900 campuses nation wide “grafting bank products onto student IDs and other campus cards” to ensure banks receive a healthy profit.

RSC is partnered with Higher One financial services, and according to the F.A.Q. handout available in SSB room 200, three college students started the company in 2000 to provide students with a better way to receive and manage money. The card allows the college to give students refunds.

Williams also referred to colleges as a gateway for financial savvy banks to take advantage of the younger generation by giving students cards issued by colleges.

“Students think they are getting a fair deal and unbiased advice when they see a college logo on these cards, when in reality colleges are getting financial perks while students are getting stuck with high bank fees,” Williams said.

According, the U.S. PIRG report there are currently 32 of the 50 largest public 4-year universities, 26 of the largest 50 community colleges, and 6 of the largest 20 private not-for-profit schools have debit or prepaid card contracts with a bank or a financial firm.

Eighty percent of Higher Ones revenue is made through siphoning fees from student aid disbursement cards.  Based off of SEC filings that is a total of $142.5 million of its $176.3 million total revenues.

In part two of this article there will be tips on how to avoid what U.S. PIRG calls the “The Campus Debit Card Trap”. 

By 15th Street News Posted in News, Raider Life Tagged Banks, campus cards, , Consumer, Debit, Debt, , Fees, Finance, Higher Education, Higher One, PIRG,

Characteristics and philosophy expected of the next Rose State president

Dennis Gosnell

Assignment Editor

Characteristics and philosophy expected of the next Rose State president

During the summer Dr. Terry Britton, president Rose State College, announced his retirement, and with this announcement came the need for the Board of Regents to find his replacement.

On Aug. 14, a town hall meeting was held between the Board of Regents and those of the RSC community. Faculty and staff stood up and gave the Board of Regents their perspectives and wishes on the type of personality, type of character, and type of philosophy they would like to see in the next president.

Much was said in the way of support for the needs of the students by the faculty and staff who presented ideas concerning the needs of the students to the Board of Regents.

Following are concerns set forth during the meeting.

  • Need a president with a short-term plan to renovate appearance of the campus. Students judge a school not only by its academic standing but also by its appearance and level of maintenance.
  • Need a president who will be supportive of those who need a remedial education, and who will see the importance of catering to their unique needs.
  • Need a president that recognizes the uniqueness of Rose State students and community college students.  It would be good to see a president who teaches a class and who is in touch with the students.
  • Need a president that instills a sense of pride in the RSC community, gives the students better facilities, and who focuses on best practices in which the level of academics at RSC becomes rich.
  • Need a president who promotes STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics). The development of national and international science and technology requires students to have skills in STEM; RSC needs to meet these needs and have the technology and facilities needed to give students the skills required in the current and future world of science and technology.

Other faculty and staff talked about the need for a president who understands the need for external relations with not only the community but also those in the State legislature.  The next president needs to be up to date on current education legislation and be able to work with state legislatures to create a marked difference in student’s education.

It was the wish of some of the faculty and staff to have a president with an academic background as well as an administrative background. The president represents not only the administration of the college, but all areas, including the faculty, adjunct professors, and staff.

Adjunct professors are crucial to the everyday workings of the college. Without them, the number of courses offered would be limited to the number professors on payroll. The next president should recognize and promote their role in the continuing growth of the college’s various academic programs.

At the end of the town hall meeting Joe Cole, chairman of the Board of Regents told the faculty and staff that they would try to find the college a president that had the personality and character they described.

Sports serve as a study stress reliever

Hunter Hancock

Volunteer Writer

Sports serve as a study stress reliever

Students played volleyball at their first meeting on Aug 30.
Photo by: Chelsea Ratterman

With the new school year now in full swing, everyone needs a break from studying, and playing sports is a great outlet from the books. The Recreational Sports Association, RSA, is a great opportunity to get involved on campus and get active and is a lively club that offers a stress-free environment.

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The challenge of challenging books

Dennis Gosnell

Assistant Editor

The challenge of challenging books

Scrappy Doo protects popularly challenged books from being banned.
Photo by Chelsea Ratterman

There are those in the U.S. that would challenge what public libraries and similar institutions put on their shelves.

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NCF shares prayers and services

Amber Stafford

Assignment Editor

NCF shares prayers and services

There are many clubs on campus but only the Nurses Christian Fellowship has a skeleton for their mascot.

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By 15th Street News Posted in News Tagged Christian, , Fellowship, Nurses, Nurses Christian Fellowship, Prayers, , Skeleton

Healthy foods stave off cholesterol

Dennis Gosnell

Assistant Editor


Healthy foods stave off cholesterol

September is Cholesterol Awareness Education month and a vital part of maintaining a low cholesterol level is to eat and drink healthy. Here are some recipes to keep your cholesterol down and your health up.

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By 15th Street News Posted in News Tagged Casserole, Chicken, Electrolyte, Healthified, Healthy, Mix, pH, Trail, Water

Oklahoma goes Haitian at Global

Jennifer Byrd, Volunteer Writer 

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By 15th Street News Posted in News Tagged Culture, Diversity, Family, festival, Global,

Math Anxiety workshop

Check out the next Student Success workshop,Math Anxiety, coming up on Sept. 20 from 2-3 p.m. in Business Bldg. Room 200. Attend and get registered to win an iPad!

Student Senators ready for involvement

Chelsea Ratterman, Editor in Chief

UPDATE: The 16th Student Senator was announced Thursday as Brandon White. Congrats!

A new batch of Student Senators was elected Sept. 5 and 6 through online voting on D2L. Fifteen senators were elected, and a run-off was held for the final spot Sept. 12.

Student Senators are sworn into office, before their first meeting, by advisor Kirby Harzman. Photo taken by: Denis Gosnell

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